RECOMMENDATIONS AND REFERENCES

The Tobacco Control Scale 2010 in Europe

On the basis of our results and the discussion above we have six recommendations for implementation by 2015.

  1. Tobacco control programmes should be comprehensive and should include at least the six measures described in the introduction. A comprehensive tobacco control policy is an obligation under Article 4 of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC).
  2. Countries should spend a minimum of €2 per capita per year on tobacco control.
  3. Countries should introduce comprehensive smoke-free legislation in line with the guidelines on Article 8 of the WHO FCTC. It should include a total ban on smoking in work and public places, including bars, restaurants, health and educational facilities, and public transport (without exceptions and without smoking rooms).
  4. Regular increases in tobacco taxes should be policy at EU and member state level.
  5. Large (80%) mandatory picture warnings at the front and back of all tobacco products in combination with standardised/plain packaging,
  6. Countries should address tobacco industry interference in public health policies in accordance with the guidelines on article 5.3 of the WHO FCTC.

Acknowledgements This project received financial support from the Swiss Cancer League, to whom we are extremely grateful. We warmly thank the panel of experts and ENSP correspondents for their crucial contribution to the project and the ENSP for the printing of the report, presented at the 4th European Conference Tobacco or Health in Basel, October 2007.

References

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  • European Commission. Excise duty tables. Ref 1.031. Directorate General Taxation and Customs Union Tax Policy, Brussels, July 2010.

  • Commission of the European Communities. Report on the implementation of the Tobacco Advertising Directive. Brussels, 25 May 2008.

  • World Health Organization. WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2009.

  • European Network on Smoking and Tobacco Prevention. Implementation of EU ad ban directives, status in April 2009. Brussels, European Network on Smoking and Tobacco Prevention, 2009.

  • European Network on Smoking and Tobacco Prevention. European trends towards smoke-free provisions. Brussels, European Network on Smoking Prevention, January 2011.

  • European Commission. Implementation of smoke-free laws in the EU. Brussels, May 2010.
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  • Bridgehead International, EQUIPP: Europe Quitting-Progress and Pathways, London, 2011

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  • Schaap MM, Kunst AE, Leinsalu M, Regidor E, Ekholm O, et al. Effect of nationwide tobacco control policies on smoking cessation in high and low educated groups in 18 European countries. Tobacco Control 2008;17: 248–55

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