METHODS

The Tobacco Control Scale 2016 in Europe

This survey was conducted in 2016 with 35 European countries: the 2010 sample plus Croatia, Serbia, Ukraine and the Russian Federation. The correspondents who provided information are shown in Table 1.

The data used for the 2016 survey refer to legislation in force on the 1 January 2017, price data on 1 July 2016, and the tobacco control budget in 2015. Any legislation, price increases or funding introduced or enforced after those dates are not included.

A questionnaire was used to collect information about countries’ tobacco control budgets and tobacco dependence treatment provision. The following other data sources were used:

Price

  • The price of a pack of 20 cigarettes in the Weighted Average Price category on 1 July 2016 was based on the July 2016 European Commission report “Excise duty tables” (6)
  • GDP expressed in Purchasing Power Standards (PPS) per capita and GDP in 2015, and country 2015 population data were collected from the statistical office of the European Union or IMF.

Advertising

  • WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic, 2013. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2013 (7).
  • An update of the legislation on advertising through correspondents or health officials.

 Tobacco control and cessation budget

  • Information was collected in December 2016 and January 2017 through the correspondents or from health officials.

Smokefree legislation

  • European Commission. Overview of smokefree legislation and its implementation in the EU. Brussels, European Commission, 2013 (8).
  • European Commission. Eurobarometer 429, Attitudes of Europeans towards Tobacco and Electronic Cigarettes. Brussels, European Commission, 2015 (9).

Labelling

  • Canadian Cancer Society. Cigarette package health warnings. International status report. Ottawa, Canadian Cancer Society, 2016 (10).

Data base

  • WHO FCTC data base which includes often country reports submitted in 2016 (11).
  • WHO European region Tobacco control database (12).
  • Smoke free Partnership smoke free map (13).
  • Campaign for Tobacco Free Kids, Tobacco Control Laws (14).
Table 1_2016
Table3_2016
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